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APA (6th ed.), Citation Style: When (Publication Date)

Build a Citation: WHEN

Identifying the WHEN of the citation is often as simple as locating the publication of the source.  However, there are different types and variations of WHEN.  Here's a list of the elements of WHEN as well as the APA source information.

Elements of WHEN

APA Sources

Archival source with corporate author

APA, p. 214, #68 

Blog post

APA, p. 215, #76

Collection of letters from an archive

APA, p. 213, #65

Date, information included

 

Year

APA, p. 185, Section 6.28

Year, Month

APA, p. 185, Section 6.28

Year, Month Day

APA Style FAQ

APA, p. 200, #10 & #11

No date

APA, p. 185, Section 6.28

APA, p. 203, #20

APA, p. 205, #30
APA, p. 209, #47

Date not certain  (circa)

APA, p. 186, section 6.28
APA, p. 214, #67

Date range

APA, p. 185, section 6.28
APA, p. 214, #67

Double dates –multivolume set

APA Style Blog, Double Date section

APA, p. 204, #23

Double dates - in text citation

APA Style Blog, Double Date section

APA, p. 178, Section 6.18

Original date of publication

APA Style Blog, Double Date section

APA, p. 178, Section 6.18

Document, online

APA Style Blog, Online Documents section

In-press article

APA p. 200, #6

Interview recorded and available in an archive  

APA, p. 214, #69

Journal article (scholarly) 

 

Published weekly

APA Style Blog, Periodicals section

Published monthly or less frequently

APA, pp. 198-199, #1-5

Letter from a repository

APA, p. 213, #63

Letter from a private collection

APA, p. 213, #64

Magazine article

APA p. 200, #7 & #8

Message posted to a newsgroup

APA, p. 215, #74

Message, individual email

APA, p. 215, #75

Newsletter article

APA, p. 200, #9
APA, p. 214, #71

Newspaper article

 

Archived

APA, p. 214, #71

Online

APA, p. 200, #11

Print

APA, p. 200, #10

No date

APA, p. 205, #30
APA, p. 209, #47

Photographs

APA, p. 214, #73

Podcast

APA, p. 210, #50

Poster session

APA p. 206, section 7.04     

Retrieval date

APA, p. 192: Do not include unless material will change.

Review of a book

APA, p. 209, #45

Same date for two sources by same author

When two articles by the same author are published in the same year, arrange them alphabetically by title and add ‘a’ and ‘b’ after the publication year so the articles can be differentiated in text citations.

Season

APA Style Blog, Periodicals section

Software

APA, p. 211, #56

Symposium contribution

APA, p. 206, section 7.04     

Unpublished conference paper

APA, p. 206, section 7.04

Video blog post

APA, p. 215, #77

Wikis

APA Style Blog