Who (Author)When (Publication Date)What (Title)Where (Publication Information)
Formatting Author InformationCiting Personal CommunicationsCiting Indirect Sources (secondary sources)Citing Sources with Missing Information (author, date, or page numbers)
Periodicals (journals, magazines, newspapers, etc.)Books, eBooks, Book ChaptersReports and StandardsMeetings and SymposiaReviews and CommentaryDissertations and ThesesAV, Music, Videos, Podcasts, Artwork, MoviesData, Instruments, and SoftwareUnpublished and Informally Published WorksArchival Documents and CollectionsEmail, Web, Blogs, etc.Legal MaterialsElectronically Retrieved Resources (DOIs, Databases, etc.)
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APA (6th ed.), Citation Style  

Last Updated: Sep 14, 2015 URL: http://alliant.libguides.com/apastyle Print Guide RSS Updates

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Build a Citation: WHERE

Identifying the WHERE information isn't always easy.  To make your life easier, here's a list of the elements of WHERE and the APA example sources.

Elements of WHERE

APA Sources

Advance online publication

APA, p. 199, #5

Author as publisher

APA, p. 205, #28 & #31

APA, p. 206, #32 – 35

Meetings and Symposia

APA, p. 206 – 207, Section 7.04

Proceedings, book

APA, p. 207, #39

Abstract

APA, p. 207, #37

Proceedings, online

APA, p. 207, #38

Informally published/Self-archived

APA, p. 212, #61

Informally published/Self-archived, ERIC

APA, p. 212, #62

Database named

APA, p. 192

APA, p. 204, #22

DOI

APA, pp.188 – 191
APA Style FAQ, “What is a Digital Object Identifier, or DOI?”
APA Style Blog, “A DOI Primer”
APA Style Blog, “A DOI and URL Flowchart”
APA Style Blog, “How to Find a DOI”

DOI provided

APA, p. 198, #1-2, #5
APA, p. 203, #19
APA, p. 201, #13
APA, p. 204, #24

No DOI

APA, p. 199, #3-4

eBook; Electronic version of a book

APA, p. 203, #19
APA Style Blog, “How Do I Cite a Kindle?”

In-press journal article

APA, p  199. #5
APA, p. 200, #6

Letter to the editor

APA, p. 198, Section 7.01

Manuscript in progress/submitted for publication

APA, p. 211, #59

Monograph

APA, p. 201, #13

APA, p. 204, #22

Multivolume work

APA, p. 204, #23 - 24

No date

APA, p. 185, Section 6.28

APA, p. 203, #20 
APA, p. 205, #30
APA, p. 209, #47

No pages

APA, p. 200, #10 -11

Pages discontinuous

APA, p. 200, #10

Publication outside of the United States

APA, p. 186, Section 6.30
APA, p. 205, #28

Publication over period of more than 1 year

APA, p. 204, #23

Publisher location

APA, p. 202-204, section 7.02

City and State

APA, p. 202, section 7.02 template

City and Country

APA, p. 204, #26

State in university name

APA, p. 187, section 6.30

Two locations

Only use one location.

U.S postal state abbreviations

APA, p. 187, section 6.30

Publisher name

APA, pp. 186-187, section 6.30

Name shortened

APA, p. 204, #26

Words included in the publisher name (book, press, etc.)

APA, p. 187, section 6.30

Unnecessary words (Inc., Publisher, Co., etc.)

APA, p. 187, section 6.30

Reprinted or republished work

APA, p. 203, #21
APA, p. 204, #26

Retrieval date

APA, p. 192

APA Style Blog, “How to Cite Wikipedia in APA Style”

Undated work

APA, p. 185, section 6.28

APA, p. 203, #20

APA, p. 205, #30

APA, p. 209, #47

Unpublished work

APA, p. 211, #58

APA, p. 212, #60

APA, p. 213, #66

URL

APA Style Blog, DOI and URL Flowchart

Exact URL

APA Style Blog, “What to Use—The Full Document URL or Home Page URL?”

 

Formatting URL

APA, p. 192

APA, p. 198 – 199, section 7.01

APA Style Blog, “What to Use – The Full Document URL or Home Page URL?”

Journal URL

APA, p. 198 – 199, section 7.01

APA Style Blog, “What to Use – The Full Document URL or Home Page URL?”

Retrieval date included in retrieval statement

APA, p. 192

Available from…statement

APA, p. 209, #49


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