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Dissertation & Doctoral Project Formatting & Clearance: Periodicals (journals, magazines, newspapers, etc.)

After you successfully defend your dissertation or doctoral project, what happens? This is a guide to submitting your dissertation or doctoral project for the formatting check and final copy.

How to Cite Periodicals

Journal article, one author.

Houseknecht, S. K. (1979). Childlessness and marital adjustment. Journal of Marriage
and the Family, 41, 259-265.

When do I include an issue number? Include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number if the periodical begins its page numbering again with page 1 in each issue. (For example, vol. 4, iss. 1 is pp. 1-62 and vol. 4, iss. 2 is pp. 1-57, etc.) If the periodical uses continuous numbering for the entire volume (vol. 4, iss. 1 is pp. 1-62 and vol. 4, iss. 2 is pp. 63-119) then only include the volume number.

Journal article, with DOI assigned, one author.

If a journal includes a DOI, or Digital Object Identifier, it must be included in the reference. When a DOI has not been assigned and the reference is retrieved online, provide the URL or the exact URL if available. If the URL is not available, use the journal home page URL. You do not need to include a retrieval date.

Wegar, K. (2000). Adoption, family ideology, and social stigma: Bias in community
attitudes, adoption research, and practice. Family Relations, 49, 363-370.

Journal article with DOI assigned, advance online publication, one author. If you are citing an advance release version of the article, insert Advance online publication before the retrieval statement or DOI. (See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 199, #5).

Cox, C. (2006). An analysis of the impact of federated search products on library instruction using the ACRL standards.  Portal: Libraries and the Academy, 6, 253-267. Advance online publication. doi:10.1212/s00222-009-0987-6


At times, you may references authors with the same last name.  If different authors have the same last name, and same initial, the authors' full first names may be provided in brackets.-- See APA (6th ed.), 6.27, p. 184.


Janet, P. [Paul]. (1876). La notion de la personnalite [The notion of personality].  Revue Scientifique, 10, 574-575.

Janet, P. [Pierre]. (1906). The pathogenesis of some impulsions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1, 1-17.


When citing in text, use this format:
                                     (Paul Janet, 1876) 
                                     (Pierre Janet, 1906)


Some authors may have lower case words in the name . For more information on how to format, see APA Style Blog


Weizsacker, R. J. (2012). Risk, resources, and education. Journal of Monetary Funding, 21(2), 341-356. doi:10.1503/jmf.182040567

In text: 
        Researchers interested in this topic included von Weizsacker (2012) and de Tunon (2010).  
        Researchers (de Tunon, 2010; von Weizsacher, 2012) found that.....

but when starting a sentence with the in-text citation, you title case the entire last name....
        Von Weizsacker (2012) identified risks and resources in education.
        Several researchers identified risks and resources in education: Von Weizsacker (2012), de Tunon (2010), and ...

Journal article with DOI assigned, two or more authors

Wimmer, J. S., Vonk, M. E., & Bordnick, P. (2009). A preliminary investigation of the
effectiveness of attachment therapy for adopted children with reactive attachment
disorder. Child Adolescence Social Work Journal, 26(4), 351-360.

Journal article with no DOI, retrieved from open-access URL If there is no DOI number, then include the URL for open-access journals when available.


H. M., McKay, J., Alvarado, F., Plath, E., Jordan, A.,  Porter, M., . . . Allsop, S. (2005). The attractions of stupidity. The St. Croix e-Review, 30(2), 6-10.  Retrieved from

If there is no volume, issue, or page numbers for an open access, online journal, then use a period after the journal title and provide additional information for locating the article in the retrieval statement.


Journal article with more than seven authors

- use the ellipses for the authors after the sixth and before the last author. See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 199, #2-3 


M. (2010). Using intraday data to gauge financial market responses to federal reserve and ECB monetary policy decisions. International Journal of International Banking. Retrieved from Bank of International Settlements website: 

In-press article in a preprint archive. See APA manual (6th ed.), p. 200, #6 for in-press article.


J. D., & Jones, F. H. (in press). A structure for deoxyribose nucleic acid. Nature. Retrieved from

NOTE: The exact URL is provided because the article is informally published and not yet indexed on a journal website. The article version was posted online in an outside repository or preprint archive.

 Two articles by same author published in same year

When two articles by the same author are published in the same year, arrange them alphabetically by title and add a and b after the year of publication so the articles can be differentiated in text citations. If the titles also happen to be identical, then arrange them chronologically by issue number. For example, (Poe, 2009a, 2009b)


J. (2009a). From the editor. Journal of Library and Information Services in Distance Learning, 3(1), 1-2.



 J. (2009b). From the editor. Journal of Library and Information Services in Distance Learning, 3(2), 41-42.

Special issue, title translated into English, print version  See APA (6th ed.), p. 199, #4


-Sherrod, M., Toro, P. A., McCaskill, P. A., BeShears, R. S., Cohen, E., & Yapchai, C. J. (2007). Madri povere senza fissa dimora e madri povere con fissa dimora: Un’analisi della rete e del sostegno sociale negli Stati Uniti [Homeless and housed poor mothers: An analysis of social networks and support.] Psicologia di Comunità: Comunità e famiglia [Italian Journal of Community Psychology: Special Issue on Community and Family], 3, 135-158.

    • The English translation of the journal title is provided in brackets.
    • Because the article happens to be in a special issue, the title of the special issue is included as a subtitle that is separated for the journal title by a colon.

Journal in a open-access journal article in an institutional repository


A. K. (2010). Gaining insight into cultural geography through the study of musical instruments.  Journal of Learning through the Arts, 6(10). Retrieved from the eScholarship University of California website:

  •  No page numbers are provided because this journal is only available online in an open-access institutional repository.

Special issue of a journal with the papers from a symposium See APA, p. 201, #12

Rewriting the long 18th century: Selected papers from the 13th David Nichol Smith Seminar [Special issue]. (2008). Eighteenth Century Life, 32(2), 1-158.

  • If there is no editor listed, provide the title of the special issue first and end with a period. Include [Special issue] in brackets before the period. The date goes in parentheses after the title and is also followed by a period.
  • When there is no editor, use a shortened title for text citations in the body of the paper.  ("Rewriting the long 18th century," 2008). The shortened title should be enclosed in double quotes, and the comma goes before the ending quotation marks.
  • If there is an editor, provide the name or names first, followed by the date and then the title of the special issue.
  • Provide the page range for the special issue.
  • To cite a specific article within a special issue, follow the format for a regular journal article.


(Credit: The majority of the examples on this page were taken from: